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Volitan last won the day on June 2 2019

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About Volitan

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    Central Coast, NSW

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  1. This is what I’ve always wondered about the claims made for fluorocarbon. The claims about invisibility generally seem to cite the refractive index, with the claim that the refractive index of fc most closely matches that of water. This may be true, but we see reflected light - in fact we can only see reflected light and that applies to any animals with eyes. Maybe there are situations where refracted light is important, but overwhelmingly fish see reflected light and that seems to me where the focus should be when making claims about the visibility of a medium under water. I don’t have a physics background or the knowledge to sort this out. Anyone else care to comment.
  2. Agreed, even with bait the lighter you go the better the result, and more fun. i find using a ‘surf rod’ around Sydney is unnecessary and not very productive.
  3. Forgot to mention. To find structure, you may need to visit the beach at low tide. Its a tradition at our local beach on the Central Coast for people to walk the beach at low tide and mark the worthwhile gutters with driftwood pushed into the sand vertically just above high tide. If the same goes on at your beach it’s a big help. most of the YouTube videos on finding structure are made in locations where the structure is fairly easy to spot at high tide, but our beaches are shallow in close and it’s not always easy to do this. Sometimes a ‘gutter’ may only be 200mm deeper then the surrounding bottom so you won’t see it at high tide. Don’t be discouraged though, even a gradient that small is meaningful to a fish and it will still define where they swim.
  4. My thoughts. time of day beats time of tide. Our local beaches are shallow and the water is clear so salmon and many other species will have retreated to deeper water as soon as he sun is well up. Of course it’s best if you can coordinate both. for salmon, always have a surf popper. Sometimes they will catch more then the pilchards, especially over the next few months. I get the occasional bream and flathead on them too, but mainly salmon and tailor. i hate gang hooks. They are stiff and don’t present the bait nicely, and they will tend to break the bait up. I favour a 2 hook pennel rig, with the top hook smelled on at about pilchard eye level and the other hook 2 thirds of the way down the body. Use bait elastic to keep the pilchard on and the hook points facing outwards and clear of the pilchard body. i also don’t favour gang hooks because they do too much damage to a fish you are probably going to release anyway (talking salmon here). i prefer a running sinker rig fished loose when the wash is small but, no question, it will tangle too much if the surf gets up so I swap to a paternoster and keep it tight. I believe that if conditions allow the use of the running sinker then it outfishes the paternoster by a good margin as it presents the bait in a natural way washing backwards and forwards with the surf in co-ordination with everything else that is out there. with the running sinker rig, always use those blue slider clip things. They mightn’t look like much, but they reduce tangles by about 80% (of that I am certain). only use a circle hook if you are allowing the fish to run with the bait (ie not the paternoster), as the hook needs to rotate in the fishes mouth and the line needs to stream along the fishes body for them to work properly. The fish needs to swim some distance with the bait to accomplish this. 15lb trace might be a bit heavy as local fish tend to be leader-shy — but probably not a big issue really. Try something lighter if not getting results. fish the gutters and structure wherever you can. Again, our beaches are shallow and outside of gutters and structure they are actually a fairly hostile environment for most fish species. and most important thing, keep mobile. Try different spots till you find the fish. Even though the beach might look all the same to us, a fish sees it differently and there will only be a couple of spots on the beach where the fish are congregating, so if you are not getting results move along and try somewhere else.
  5. Well, let’s think about this. prolonged drought means less runoff. Less runoff means less nutrients in the estuaries. Less nutrients means less algae and other baseline foods. Less algae means less food for small fish and other critters so less baitfish. Less baitfish means less big fish. Altogether it makes for a couple of lean years. I think the entire biota is currently just a fraction of what it is in good years.
  6. Hold on, catching kingfish on yabbies? That’s something I need to know more about. You mean nippers, the things you pump out of local sand flats? and you are drifting and using a downrigger, so is this like really slow trolling of a yabbie in midwater ? Just one yabbie on a small hook? cheers Volitan
  7. Volitan


    By ‘the ladders’ are you meaning Iron Ladder Beach, near Little Box Head?
  8. There are normally 1lb blocks of Lunds Squid available, just not at the moment. The 5lb blocks are available. For those who don’t know, Lunds Squid comes from the US and is hi-tec quick frozen at sea, not left kicking around a boat hold in an ice slurry like the local product. That’s why it’s in a different league to the local product if you’re after fish that are normally reluctant to take a dead bait.
  9. Just wondering if anyone has any good ideas for how to divide up a large block of frozen bait. Reason I ask is because I often buy the Lunds squid in 5lb boxes. I use about one third of that per fishing trip, so I usually divide them up into three with a saw while still frozen. Because the squid was small and packed across the box I was mainly ‘cutting between the squid’ so there wasn’t much wastage. Now the new season Lunds Squid is in the shops. It’s in a bright yellow box now and $6 dearer. The quality of the squid looks amazing, but they are about twice the size and packed along the box, and they don’t lie neatly parallel like before. Now regardless of whether I cut along or across the box I end up destroying most of the squid. I don’t want to partially defrost the squid and refreeze it - destroys the advantage of the product. Is there something I’m missing. What do others do? cheers
  10. Yep. Most of the time the double loop uni will break at one of the two loops that go through the hook eye - like 90 or 95%. It’s easy to tell because you end up with a clean hook. Occasionally the knot breaks at the other end, where the main line exits the wraps. I think these are inferior ties where the knot has not drawn up well and one turn is excessively tight. When this happens you get a little knot left on the hook which must be cut off.
  11. And yep, Kingie Chaser, the line used was Penn Super X nylon mono, 20 lb bs. it actually breaks at 25.5lbs, being underrated by the manufacturer.
  12. Nope. Maybe I didn’t express myself well but the first set of 5 tests (ie 3,4,5,6 and 8 turns) was the DOUBLE LOOP. Then I tested the SINGLE LOOP, but only for 6 turns around the mainline. The single loop broke at an average of 20lbs. And just to be clear. By ‘turns’ I mean the number of times the tag end is wrapped around the mainline. By ‘loops’ I mean the number of times the line is passed through the eye of the hook. cheers
  13. Yeah, I have always instinctively done less turns for heavier nylon. Never tested it though. cheers
  14. I have been tying the uni knot for probably 30 years and for all that time I’ve wondered what is the optimum number of turns, or if it even matters. Today I decided it was time I answered the question. The original 1944 specification for the knot was for 3 turns. I decided to start there but got slippage, so assume that back in 1944 lines were different then they are today. Then I tried 4, 5, 6 and 8 turns. I have heard people claiming as many as ten turns is ideal. As you can see from the attached spreadsheet, the differences are not great. The optimum number of turns works out to be around 5 or 6. I doubt either of these results will surprise anyone. Note that the result for 8 turns starts to get a bit erratic. Using Penn Super X in 20 lbs (real tested breaking strain was 25.5lbs, the line is underrated by manufacturer). For those who cant download: 3 turns – slippage occurred on 4 of 5 tests 4 turns – average = 23.4lbs 5 turns – average = 24.3lbs 6 turns – average = 24.4lbs 8 turns – average = 23.7lbs While I was at it, I thought I’d try comparing the double loop uni to the single. I’ve heard people say that the single loop is actually a better knot because it provides almost the same strength without the slight unreliability that comes from drawing up a double loop. Using 6 turns around the mainline, the results for were: Double loop – average = 24.4lbs Single loop – average = 20lbs So wrong, not even close. FYI, by double loop uni I mean two turns through the hook eye. I also use the uni knot for braid, so one day soon I’ll test that too. Optimising the uni knot.xlsx